A Guide to Tax Information Exchange Agreement

 Tax Information Exchange Agreement

What is a TIEA (Tax Information Exchange Agreement)?

A Tax Information Exchange Agreement is a respective agreement arranged and marked between two nations to build up an official system for the exchange of information identifying with taxes. All the more explicitly, a TIEA takes into consideration the free exchange of financial tax information regardless of contrasts in either nation's necessity or definition of predicate offense to illegal tax avoidance.

Nonetheless, it must be noted that information might be given if a legitimate solicitation is made according to the entirety of the deal arrangements, which necessitate that the mentioning party first make a prima facie case.

Nations may barely tailor the conditions that would trigger the prerequisite to exchange information and confine the classifications of information that would need to be moved.

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Why do we need TIEAs?

Clashes can rise when a nation must access information that might be secured by a legitimate foreign system, so as to implement its own laws. These sorts of contentions have commonly been settled through the execution of collaborative tax treaties.

The OECD, i.e., the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, has set up norms on straightforwardness and exchange of information for tax purposes and has firmly urged nations to receive these guidelines. The OECD, as well as the Financial Action Task Force, individuals from which are the G-20 nations, have expressed that a nation must have at least twelve (12) TIEAs so as to be viewed as co-working in issues of tax information exchange straightforwardness.

Jurisdictions that neglect to do so will be viewed as non-agreeable jurisdictions, and the G-20 nations have expressed that action will be made against such jurisdictions. While twelve (12) TIEAs are the base norm right now, G-20 nations are urging global financial centers to execute collective arrangements in the abundance of this ordered prerequisite.

At present, OECD and non-member nations are negotiating more than 40 separate tax information exchange agreements, a considerable lot of which will be marked and approved over the coming year. TIEAs are proposed to permit the full exchange of information on criminal and everyday tax matters between the two signatories.

Each TIEA will come into power once the two nations have given a lawful impact on it.


Usually, a TIEA contains the accompanying arrangements:

  • Usually, a TIEA contains the accompanying arrangements:
  • It accommodates the exchange of information that is "predictably applicable" to the organization and implementation of domestic tax laws on the Contracting Parties.
  • Classification commitments secure the information given under TIEA. Divulgence can be made to courts or legal discussions just with the end goal of assurance of the taxation matter being referred to.
  • The information mentioned may identify with an individual who is not an occupant of a Contracting Party.
  • There is a commitment on some portion of the mentioned party to accumulate information on the off chance that it isn't in its ownership, despite that it doesn't itself need that information. Consequently, no "domestic interest" for tax intentions is required for the arrangement of information.
  • Information is characterized in a broad way to cover banking details, proprietorship details of companies/people/reserves/trusts, and so forth.
  • Aside from the exchange of information, agents of one party might be allowed to lead tax assessments in the domain of another gathering, including meetings of people and assessment of records.

[Read: Why Florida Offshore is a Tax Haven?]

What isn't a TIEA?

A TIEA isn't a programmed information exchange between the two signatories to the deal. TIEAs are in response to popular demand only, and information will never be exchanged aimlessly or subjectively.

All occasions put forward explicit rules and standards by which the requesting party must present a request for information. These guidelines and criteria explicitly give that all requests must be truly made and pertinent to the current issue.

All requests must be gone ahead with explicitness, itemizing the idea of the information being mentioned, and the substance of the proof to support the request.

TIEA Model protocol

The CFA, i.e., the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs, in June 2015, affirmed a Model Protocol to the Agreement. The Model Protocol might be utilized by jurisdictions, on the off chance that they need to expand the extent of their current TIEAs also to cover the programmed as well as unconstrained exchange of information.

In doing as such, jurisdictions are then ready to base a respective skilled power agreement to set up the programmed exchange of information as per the Common Reporting Standard or the programmed exchange of Country-by-Country Reports on a TIEA. This happens when it isn't (yet) conceivable to exchange information under an applicable Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement naturally.

Jurisdictions may likewise decide to utilize the wording of the Articles of the Model Protocol if they need to incorporate the programmed and unconstrained exchange of information arrangements in another TIEA.

[Read: Role of Banks in Offshore Schemes and Tax Evasion.]


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