If all documents and other legal formalities are in place, company registration in Czech Republic shouldn’t take more than 2 weeks.
The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a highly developed country in Central Europe with a social market economy. It benefits from a well-educated labour force and its proximity to western Europe. In addition to its economy, the country is known for its consistently high Human Development Index and generous standard of living, with its fairly decent per capita income and universal healthcare system. The economy of Czech Republic is fairly diverse, with its GDP deriving primarily from the industry (notably, automobiles and energy), services and agricultural sector. It is also active in trade & commerce, mostly with the European Union.
The Czech Republic is a Schengen country, and member of key international organizations like the European Union, the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The country has a long-standing scientific and innovative tradition, with institutes like the Czech Academy of Sciences serving as trailblazers in humanities and applied research.
A company in Czech Republic can take one of the following legal forms.
A General Partnership in Czech Republic is a company owned by at least 2 persons, conducting business activities under a common business name. They are jointly and severally responsible for the debts or obligations of the company, in personal capacity. For setting up a General Partnership in Czech Republic, there is no requirement of a minimum paid-up capital.
A Limited Partnership in Czech Republic is similar to a general partnership, except that it has two types of partners: general members – who bear unlimited liability for the debts and obligations of the company, and limited members – who are liable only for their capital investment in the company, as specified in the Articles of Association of the partnership.
A Limited Liability Company (LLC) in Czech Republic is a legal entity in which the shareholders bear limited liability for the business, i.e., they are not responsible for the debts or obligations of the company in personal capacity. An LLC can be formed by a single owner, and the minimum capital requirement to set it up is just CZK 1. This company type is the most common legal vehicle utilized by foreigners to set up a business in Czech Republic. It is favourable for manufacturing as well as trading activities.
A Joint Stock Company is one the shares of which are owned by the shareholders. It can be set up by any number of founders, but the minimum registered capital required for its formation is CZK 2 million (about €77,000). A Joint Stock Company in Czech Republic is suitable for shareholders looking to raise capital or list their company on the Prague Stock Exchange (PSE).
The business purpose behind a Cooperative is certain social or economic well-being of its members, who are not personally liable for the company’s debts or obligations. The minimum number of members required to found a Cooperative is 3, with no prerequisite for a minimum start-up capital.
A branch in Czech Republic can be set up by a foreign company looking to open a permanent establishment in the country. Since a branch office is not considered a legal entity separate from its parent company, the latter is liable for its activities and obligations.
A Representative Office is allowed only to conduct market research or promote the business of its parent company. It is not authorized to conduct business or sign contracts. In Czech Republic, a representative is treated the same as a branch office; so the tax filing norms for the former are the same.
Doing business in Czech Republic has the following advantages:
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