Tax in Ireland

Ireland has the fourth-most efficient tax system in the world and the most effective one in the entire European Union, according to a recent global analysis. Since taxes are present wherever there is commerce, it is sufficient for your company formation in Ireland. Taxes must be paid to conduct business in this nation. We have broken down the fundamentals in our tax guide.

Now, if you have just moved to Ireland, or are returning to Ireland from abroad, here is something you need to know. The amount of Irish tax that you pay depends upon

  • Your residency status
  • Where your income comes from
  • Where you carry out your trade, profession, or employment duties.

When it comes to paying personal taxes, this is crucial. So, let's get right to the point without further ado.

Irish Tax System

When you start your own company in Ireland, it is essential to know whether you are a sole trader, a partnership company, or a Limited Liability Company. This is required to decide the Tax Reference Number you use and the taxes you must register for.

The tax year in Ireland runs from January 1 to December 31. If you have just moved to Ireland and started working, you must apply for Personal Public Service Number (PPSN). If you are an employee working in a company in Ireland, you must pay your taxes through Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) system. If you are self-employed, you are taxed and file a plan. Not that you have understood the overview of Ireland's Tax; let’s dive deeper. Self-employed people are subject to taxation under the pay and file system. 

The tax system is not complicated in the country. Therefore the ease of doing business in Ireland is much higher in the continent.

Types of Taxes in Ireland

The various taxes calculated in Ireland are as follows.

  1. Capital Gains
  2. Corporation Tax
  3. Value Added Tax (VAT)
  4. Customs and Excise Duty
  5. Withholding Tax

They are further explained below:

1. Capital Gains

Individuals, residents, or ordinarily residents are liable to Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on gains from the worldwide disposal in Ireland. The Capital Gains tax rate is 33%. However, lower rates, i.e., 15% for a partnership/individual and 12.5% for a company, may apply to chargeable gains arising on the receipt of a “carried interest,” being a share of profits in particular venture capital funds engaged in research, development, or innovation activities.

2. Corporation Tax

Ireland is charged on the worldwide profits of the company tax resident in Ireland, and sure profits of the Irish branches are non-resident companies. These profits include both income and capital gains. A company must use the Revenue Online Service (ROS) to file its return and pay any tax due under Mandatory e-Filing and e-Payment.

3. VAT

The VAT in Ireland is imposed on the supply of goods and services provided from or within the state, except if an activity is exempt from the tax. The current VAT rates in Ireland are 0%, 9%, 4.8%, 13.5%, and 23%. The rate depends on the goods or services provided. For Example, VAT on professional services is generally 23%, while VAT on services such as construction is generally 13.5%. learn more about VAT/GST registration in Ireland.

4. Customs and Excise Duty

Goods imported in Ireland from countries other than European Union are liable to customs duty at appropriate rates specified in the EU’s Combined Nomenclature (CN) Tariff.

Excise duties are charged on mineral oils (including petrol and diesel) used for propulsion or heating purposes, alcohol products (including spirits, beer, wine, cider, and perry), and tobacco products where they are consumed in Ireland.

5. The Withholding Tax

Rate in Ireland is 20% on dividends and other distributions made by Irish resident companies. Few annual interest payments are subject to a WHT of 20%, including patent royalties. There are few exemptions available under this type of tax depending on the nature and total shareholding of the company.

How Can New Company Register for Ireland Tax Rate?

You need a Company's Registration Office (CRO) Number provided by the CRO to register for tax. You can designate a tax consultant to alert the Revenue authorities of your tax obligations when you launch a new business. To pay tax online in Ireland, you must submit one of the following applications if a tax agent does not represent your business.

  • Form TR2 for Irish resident companies
  • Form TR2 (FT) for foreign companies

The application will not be accepted if submitted on paper. Instead, you will receive the print copy and instructions for completing the registration process through ROS. Once your business has been registered, you must use ROS to submit payments and refunds. In addition, you will be provided a new Tax Reference Number, which you should use while trading.

Our Services

We at Business Setup Worldwide utilize our knowledge to provide companies with various effective solutions. Our tax services in Ireland include the following:

  • Identifying tax risks
  • Corporate tax planning and preparation
  • Preparing and filing tax returns
  • Tax Compliance
  • Tax consulting and auditing

If you require Tax Services for your Ireland Company, contact us today.


What is the income tax rate in Ireland?

The standard rate, or the first portion of your income up to a specified amount, is 20%. The Higher Rate, which is applied to the remaining portion of your income, is 40%. Your unique situation determines the specific rate cut-off point.

What are the tax credit and tax allowance regulations in Ireland?

Allowances and tax credits might help you pay less in taxes. Various types are offered based on your situation, including recognition for elderly individuals, single parents, and those with impairments. Credits are subtracted following the determination of your tax.

What are Interest Limitations Rules (ILR) in Ireland?

To implement Ireland's remaining European Union Anti-Tax Avoidance Disclosure (EU ATAD) regulations, the Finance Act 2021 introduced regulations on the deductibility of interest. The ILR links a taxpayer's permissible net borrowing/interest charges directly to its level of earnings to prevent base erosion caused by the inappropriate use of interest deductions. It is effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2022. The provisions of ILR will coexist with current regulations that limit the ability to deduct interest costs.